Urban Land Use Planning and the Persistence of Class-based Risk to Disaster
In line with the increasing population in urban areas (urbanization), risk to disasters is also increasing (processes of risk making and accumulation). Many believe one of the tools trusted to mitigate disasters is urban land-use planning. Developed countries currently use urban land use planning as guidance for city development and disaster mitigation. However, this is not the case in Indonesia where urban land-use planning is used to legalize the existing development in urban areas. As a consequence, instead of mitigating disasters, it increases the risk to disaster.
This study will explore how urban planning contributes to risk making and accumulation by looking at how power and knowledge relations work throughout the planning processes and its implementation. The study will focus on how urban services and infrastructure distributed (in relation to land use planning) throughout the city. How power relations enacted in determining which part of the city are going to have the services and infrastructures will be the main focus of the study.