The Potential of Shrimp Product Certification and Carbon Finance in Supporting Enhanced Sustainability Outcomes in the Mangroves of East Kalimantan Indonesia
Indonesia has the largest mangroves area in the world. However, over the past 4 decades this area has declined by about one third, converted to other land use, mostly to brackish-water fish-ponds. The situation created detrimental impact on the community including flooding, decline of fish stocks and increase of epidemic disease. Government and NGOs efforts to reverse this trend by encouraging shrimp farmers to rehabilitate mangroves or known as producer driven ecosystem improvement resulted only in a small effect. As the global market demand for shrimp continues to rise and given that mangrove degradation has reached such a vast area, the rate of mangrove degradation in Indonesia will be difficult to reverse with the current approach.
My research will formulate a new mangrove-shrimp farm management model that implement global shrimp certification standards, combined with carbon trade investment mechanism. The model is expected to bring a fair-shared responsibility between shrimp consumers and producers to improve mangrove ecosystem condition, shrimp production sustainability, and to empower poor shrimp farmers in Indonesia.