Integrating Residential Solar Photovoltaic Systems with Storage: Modelling an Optimal Deployment Pathway
Affordable home battery storage could help drive a consumer-led, low-emission evolution of modern electricity supply systems. However, depending on the rate of uptake and the type of configuration that consumers choose, solar with storage could also drive sub-optimal outcomes for both the existing electricity supply system and society more broadly.
Governments and the broader power sector are poorly prepared for this transition and there is limited whole-of-system analysis in the academic literature. As the electricity supply system is essential for underpinning vital economic and social outcomes, it is becoming increasingly urgent to model the possible supply chain impacts of residential solar with storage. However, the existing electricity supply system is complex. It is characterized by multiple disruptive influences and substantial uncertainty. The emergence of the end-user as a primary driver of change is amplifying system complexity.
To help understand these dynamics, a systems thinking approach has been developed to model the possible economic, environmental and social impacts of residential solar with storage. A systems approach is well suited to help government and industry plan for, and optimize the looming market transformation. With the world’s energy systems on the cusp of unprecedented transformation, this research project ultimately aims to deliver a novel approach to help plan for the mass market uptake of residential solar with storage.