Enhancing Emergency Fire Service Delivery Response – a Geostrategic Approach
Emergency services are an essential public service with onerous responsibilities to ensure public safety. To date, fire research has largely been focused on bushfires with a specific emphasis on community resilience and developing tools to assess bushfire risks. However, residential fires also pose a significant and ongoing threat to human life and property and where emerging research interests have begun. Rapid response to calls for emergency service is critical to minimise their impacts. The focus of the research is to develop and test new methods with the capacity to strategically locate fire stations based on changing demands resulting from population growth. This commences with evolving a basic understanding of the spatio-temporal dynamics of residential fire incidents and their associated response times. Results from this component are then used to inform the creation of a set of optimisation models designed to capture the most effective and cost efficient spatial layout of fire stations that maximise the use of public funds while minimising the risk to human life and property. This research will provide practical tools through which fire agencies are better placed with the capacity to provide timely response to calls for emergency service.