Ecosystem Service has drew more and more attention in recent years, it has been used in the fields of environmental accounting, policies development, natural resource management and biodiversity conservation (Jax and Barton 2013). Ecosystem service is the benefits that humankind retrieve from ecosystem thorough multiple ways. The benefit including not only biophysical components, but also biophysical components processes which lead to human wellbeing (UK NEA 2011). It is the core idea of the ecosystem services that, systemically and explicitly identifying the benefits and beneficiaries of ecological processes that will improve the integration considerations in decision-making on the aspects of environment, society and economy. This framework provides a powerful method to address environment, social policies and management challenges from the local to the national scope (Pittock and Cork 2012).

Terrestrial Ecosystem refers to existing climate and biological and physical material which are found on land surface. It primarily include tundra, desert, grassland and forest (ELC 2015). The research of Terrestrial Ecosystem focused on mapping ecoregions based on biophysical units in order to reflect the complex distribution of the Earth’s natural communities and assist the further study of identifying outstanding biodiversity area and representative communities (Olson and Eric 2001).

Since Ecosystem Service and Terrestrial Ecosystem have similarity and differentia: both of them aim to link biodiversity to ecosystem functions, and can be illustrated and analysed by maps, however, Terrestrial Ecosystem attempts to quantify socio-ecological benefits while Ecosystem Service is much more complicated due to the consideration of the human element and concepts of natural capital evaluation. It is worth to do the comparison of Ecosystem Service and Terrestrial Ecosystem because both of these frameworks are able to be utilized for management and policies making. Therefore, the proposed research question 1
is that “What is the differences between Terrestrial Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services when they are used for management and policies?”

Funding:  CSC
AdvisorDr David Pullar

Project members

Yi (April) ZHANG

PhD candidate