Climate Friendly Urban Design: A comparison between India and Australia
Historically architecture and urban design have evolved as a response to social, cultural and climatic needs of a man. The vernacular architecture was essentially Architecture without Architects and was appropriate for those people living in that place at that time. This is well reflected in the vernacular architecture of India and aboriginal architecture of Australia as well. The colonial period in both the countries saw a very different architectural vocabulary being used and subsequently, in structures that were getting built, a significant shift from vernacular architecture is observed. In the post-colonial period a totally different architectural expression developed. In this modern period tall, glass buildings with heavy requirement for air-conditioning began to emerge globally irrespective of the climate of the place.
This research aims to study the three phases of pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial architecture and urban design in Australia and India. From the study of pre-colonial and colonial architecture the research aims to learn lessons from the past regarding climate responsive building and urban design. Today during the post-colonial (modern) period man is more aware of his home, earth.
Research also intends to consolidate the strategies proposed to mitigate climate change. Furthermore, barriers that affect the implementation of these strategies would be identified.
Funding: Research Training Program Scholarship funded by Commonwealth Government of Australia
Advisor: Dr Dorina Pojani