While two third of household uses firewood for cooking and one in five household uses kerosene for lighting in Nepal (CBS, 2012); Nepal’s National Planning Commission (NPC) has set a target of increase energy access to clean and affordable energy to 99% and reduce the household using solid fuel to 10% by 2030 (NPC, 2017). Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) is more than energy access but also enabling factor for many of the SDG.

Setting up for energy access goal at national level is not enough. It has to be decomposed into local level that enables coordinated action at local level. Multilayer of barrier exist that constraints energy access. Some are very site specific like issue of slum while other are nationwide like shortage of SHS technician. Exploring these barriers indicate the responsible institution and solutions to reach the goal. Energy is linked to several aspect of life and economy, thus, SE4All pathways should consider broad areas so that impact to other fields are not out looked.

Several report has questioned the current pace of RET uptake including Nepal’s. Considering these rate and situation to develop pathways to SE4All will suffer from system inertia and prediction errors. Thus, we choose to use Participative Backcasting approach to explore the transition to SE4All. Backcasting starts from target and are more focused in getting up practice solution with impacts explained. The unit of analysis will be household, however the analysis will be scaled up to local level, eco-development region, state and national level. The major steps in the study includes a) identification of trends and gaps in energy access at local level, b) explore the potential barrier to energy access, c) investigate the determinant of energy access at local level and d) develop scenario to backcast the SE4All for Nepal.

Funding: Endeavor Award
Advisors: Dr David Pullar

Project members


PhD Candidate